flutter 01 创建底部菜单

2019-09-16

底部导航,是很多应用里面都有的功能。今天就来看看如何实现它。

  • 首先我们在AndroidStudio中创建一个新的项目,我的项目叫flutter_xiecheng。

  • 新建文件夹navigator,目录为 /lib/navigator,在这个目录下新建文件tab_navigator.dart

// lib/navigator/tab_navigator.dat
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class TabNavigator extends StatefulWidget{
  @override
  _TabNavigatorState createState() => _TabNavigatorState();
}

class _TabNavigatorState extends State<TabNavigator>{
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    // TODO: implement build
    //scaffold这个wedget可以添加底部导航和内容的控件
    return Scaffold(
      //内容页面
      body: PageView(
        children: <Widget>[
        ],
      ),
    );
  }

}
  • 新建文件夹pages,目录为 /lib/pages,在这个目录下新建4个文件,分别为首页(home_page.dart),搜索(search_page.dart),旅拍(travel_page.dart),我的(my_page.dart)。

首页:

// lib/pages/home_page.dart
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class HomePage extends StatefulWidget{
  @override
  _HomePageState createState() => _HomePageState();
}

class _HomePageState extends State<HomePage>{

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    // TODO: implement build
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: Text("首页"),
      )
    );
  }

}

搜索:

// lib/pages/search_pages.dart
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class SearchPage extends StatefulWidget{
  @override
  _SearchPageState createState() => _SearchPageState();
}

class _SearchPageState extends State<SearchPage>{

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    // TODO: implement build
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: Text("搜索"),
      )
    );
  }

}

旅拍:

// lib/pages/travel_page.dart
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class TravelPage extends StatefulWidget{
  @override
  _TravelPageState createState() => _TravelPageState();
}

class _TravelPageState extends State<TravelPage>{

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    // TODO: implement build
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: Text("旅拍"),
      )
    );
  }

}

我的:

// lib/pages/my_page.dart
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

class MyPage extends StatefulWidget{
  @override
  _MyPageState createState() => _MyPageState();
}

class _MyPageState extends State<MyPage>{

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    // TODO: implement build
    return Scaffold(
      body: Center(
        child: Text("我的"),
      )
    );
  }

}
  • 添加这四个页面。
// lib/navigator/tab_navigator.dart
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';

//添加页面涉及内容
import 'package:flutter_xiecheng/pages/home_page.dart';
import 'package:flutter_xiecheng/pages/my_page.dart';
import 'package:flutter_xiecheng/pages/search_page.dart';
import 'package:flutter_xiecheng/pages/travel_page.dart';

class TabNavigator extends StatefulWidget{
  @override
  _TabNavigatorState createState() => _TabNavigatorState();
}

class _TabNavigatorState extends State<TabNavigator>{
  //切换页面定义的page
  final PageController _controller = PageController(
    initialPage: 0,  //初始化第一个页面
  );

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    // TODO: implement build
    //scaffold这个wedget可以添加底部导航和内容的控件
    return Scaffold(
      //内容页面
      body: PageView(
        controller: _controller,
        children: <Widget>[
         //添加页面涉及内容
          HomePage(),
          SearchPage(),
          TravelPage(),
          MyPage(),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }

}
  • 添加底部导航,这里面主要依靠bottomNavigationBar,在bottomNavigationBar的items里面逐个添加我们需要的切换菜单(BottomNavigationBarItem)
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_xiecheng/pages/home_page.dart';
import 'package:flutter_xiecheng/pages/my_page.dart';
import 'package:flutter_xiecheng/pages/search_page.dart';
import 'package:flutter_xiecheng/pages/travel_page.dart';

class TabNavigator extends StatefulWidget{
  @override
  _TabNavigatorState createState() => _TabNavigatorState();
}

class _TabNavigatorState extends State<TabNavigator>{
  //定义底部导航默认和点击后的颜色
  final _defaultColor = Colors.grey;
  final _activeColor = Colors.blue;
  //当前选中的页面
  int _currentIndex = 0;
  //切换页面定义的page
  final PageController _controller = PageController(
    initialPage: 0,  //初始化第一个页面
  );

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    // TODO: implement build
    //scaffold这个wedget可以添加底部导航和内容的控件
    return Scaffold(
      //内容页面
      body: PageView(
        controller: _controller,
        children: <Widget>[
          HomePage(),
          SearchPage(),
          TravelPage(),
          MyPage(),
        ],
      ),
      //这个里面是底部导航
      bottomNavigationBar: BottomNavigationBar(
          currentIndex: _currentIndex, //设置选中的是哪一个
          onTap: (index){  //index是回掉的参数,是点击后的菜单id下标数字
              _controller.jumpToPage(index); //根据index来判断跳转到哪个页面
              setState(() {
                _currentIndex = index;//更新当前页面index
              });
          },
          type: BottomNavigationBarType.fixed, //让底部菜单,选择后不会变大。可以去掉。
          items: [
          //一个菜单
        BottomNavigationBarItem(  //每一个菜单项
            icon: Icon(    //这里是未被选中每一个菜单的图标
              Icons.home,
              color: _defaultColor
            ),
            activeIcon: Icon(  //这里是选中后每一个菜单的图标
              Icons.home,
              color: _activeColor,
            ),
          title: Text('首页',style: TextStyle(color: _currentIndex != 0 ? _defaultColor: _activeColor  ),)  //这里是文字和文字的颜色
        ),
        //end一个菜单
        //第二个菜单
        BottomNavigationBarItem(
            icon: Icon(
                Icons.search,
                color: _defaultColor
            ),
            activeIcon: Icon(
              Icons.search,
              color: _activeColor,
            ),
            title: Text('搜索',style: TextStyle(color: _currentIndex != 1 ? _defaultColor: _activeColor  ),)
        ),
        //end第二个菜单
        BottomNavigationBarItem(
            icon: Icon(
                Icons.camera_alt,
                color: _defaultColor
            ),
            activeIcon: Icon(
              Icons.camera_alt,
              color: _activeColor,
            ),
            title: Text('旅拍',style: TextStyle(color: _currentIndex != 2 ? _defaultColor: _activeColor  ),)
        ),
        BottomNavigationBarItem(
            icon: Icon(
                Icons.account_circle,
                color: _defaultColor
            ),
            activeIcon: Icon(
              Icons.account_circle,
              color: _activeColor,
            ),
            title: Text('我的',style: TextStyle(color: _currentIndex != 3 ? _defaultColor: _activeColor  ),)
        ),
      ]),
    );
  }

}
  • 来到 lib/main.dart,让入口页面为 tab_navigator.dart
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'navigator/tab_navigator.dart';

void main() => runApp(MyApp());

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  // This widget is the root of your application.
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Demo',
      theme: ThemeData(
        // This is the theme of your application.
        //
        // Try running your application with "flutter run". You'll see the
        // application has a blue toolbar. Then, without quitting the app, try
        // changing the primarySwatch below to Colors.green and then invoke
        // "hot reload" (press "r" in the console where you ran "flutter run",
        // or simply save your changes to "hot reload" in a Flutter IDE).
        // Notice that the counter didn't reset back to zero; the application
        // is not restarted.
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      ),
      home: TabNavigator(),
    );
  }
}
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